The Pilbara region is situated in the north of Western Australia between the Gascoyne, Mid-West and Kimberley regions. Encompassing 507,896 square kilometres across a vast array of landscapes, the region is divided into four local government authorities: the Shire of Ashburton; the Shire of East Pilbara; the City of Karratha, and; the Town of Port Hedland.
The Pilbara is recognised as a region of high environmental significance. The Pilbara can be considered in terms of three sub-regions, each with its own unique characteristics and natural heritage values. These are:
- Coastal plan and offshore islands
- Pilbara tablelands; and
- Pilbara desert country.
The Pilbara is rich in natural resources, generating considerable wealth for both Western Australia and the nation from an economy dominated by the extraction, processing and export of minerals and hydrocarbons. Other industries such as construction, agriculture, livestock, manufacturing, retail, fishing and aquaculture broaden the Pilbara's economic base.
The population of the Pilbara has grown from a few thousand in 1966 to approximately 64,000 in 2013. This population growth, which has been largely driven by the expansion of the resources sector, has been a significant catalyst for the establishment of settlements like Karratha, Port Hedland, Newman, Onslow and Tom Price. A significant number of remote Aboriginal settlements are also present in the Pilbara, along with historic towns such as Cossack.
The State Government's 'Pilbara Cities Vision' includes an aspirational population growth scenario of 140,000 by 2035. The Vision aims to secure the long-term sustainability of the Pilbara through the development of a robust and diverse regional economy.
To view more information about Pilbara Cities Vision please visit http://www.pdc.wa.gov.au/.
Plans and policies
The Pilbara Planning and Infrastructure Framework and the accompanying Regional Profile are the key regional documents relevant to the Pilbara.
Pilbara Planning and Infrastructure Framework
The Framework was prepared under the direction of the Pilbara Regional Planning Committee and was endorsed by the WAPC in January 2012. The Framework sets out the strategic direction for the future development of the region over the next 25 years. It addresses the scale and distribution of future population growth and housing development, as well as identifying strategies for dealing with economic growth, environmental issues, transport, infrastructure, water resources, tourism and emerging impacts of climate change.
Pilbara Regional Profile
The Pilbara Framework Region Profile supports the Pilbara Planning and Infrastructure Framework with background and technical information and mapping. It provides information to support the rationale and direction in the Framework. Currently, it is under preparation and is expected to be available for public comment in early 2011.
Local Governments in the Pilbara
Regional planning strategies and actions are reflected and implemented in local planning strategies and schemes. There are four local governments in the Pilbara:
City of Karratha
The City of Karratha (formerly the Shire of Roebourne) forms the central coastal part of the Pilbara region and has an area of just over 15,000 square kilometres. The population of just under 25,000 is predominantly distributed across a number of towns along the coastal strip adjoining Nickol Bay, including Karratha, Dampier, Roebourne, Wickham and Point Samson.
The City has experienced rapid growth largely due to natural resource projects in the region. These include the mining of iron ore and other minerals, and oil and gas operations.
Shire of Ashburton
The Shire of Ashburton is the most southern of the Pilbara local government authorities and comprises over 100,000 square kilometres. It stretches from the coastal plains around Onslow, across the Stewart Hills to Pannawonica and the Hamersley Ranges to Tom Price and Paraburdoo. These towns contain the majority of the Shire's population of approximately 10,000 residents, with a number of remote Aboriginal settlements also being located in the municipality.
The Shire is home to immense cattle stations that coexist with substantial mining operations. In recent years, growth in the Shire has been driven by the construction of two of the world's largest LNG projects along the Shire's western coast.
Shire of East Pilbara
The Shire of East Pilbara covers almost 380,000 square kilometres of land and spans the breadth of central Western Australia from the Indian Ocean coast to the Northern Territory border. Its resident population of around 12,000 is concentrated in the town sites of Newman, Marble Bar and Nullagine. The Shire also contains sizeable Aboriginal settlements such as Jigalong, Punmu and Parngurr.
The major industries in the municipality are mining, pastoralism and tourism.
Town of Port Hedland
The Town of Port Hedland comprises nearly 12,000 square kilometres between the City of Karratha and the Shire of East Pilbara. It has a large expanse of coastline and generally follows the catchments of the Yule and Turner Rivers.
Port Hedland is well known for its enormous iron ore and salt stockpiles, which are transported out of Australia's largest bulk commodity port. Its population of around 20,000 resides in two main centres, Port and South Hedland, as well as a number of remote Aboriginal settlements.
There are a number of remote Aboriginal settlements in the Pilbara. Layout plans for remote Aboriginal settlements, prepared under State Planning Policy 3.2, can be viewed at the Aboriginal communities webpage.